Geocache types



 This is the original type of  geocache and the most straightforward. These geocaches will be a  container at the given coordinates. The size of the cache may vary, but  at minimum, all of these geocaches will have a logbook, which must be  signed. Larger containers may hold items of swag available for trade and  trackables or geocoins. The first traditional cache placed in the UK was published in Scotland. "Scotland's First



 This type of geocache will usually  involve puzzles that need to solved at home or in the field to determine  the correct coordinates. The mystery/puzzle symbol is also used for  challenge caches. Challenge caches involve the seeker to have meet a  certain criteria before the found log can be made.  Mystery/Puzzle  Caches often become the staging ground for new and unique geocaches that  do not fit in another category. 



These geocaches involve visiting  two or more locations, with the final location being a physical  container with a logbook inside. There are many variations, but  typically once you’re at the first stage, usually the listed  coordinates, you will receive a clue to the whereabouts of the next  stage. The second stage will have a clue for the third, and so on. The  whole cache process from stage one to the final can be spread over a few  metres or over a  number  of miles. 

EarthCache ™


EarthCaches™ are a type of virtual  cache where seekers visit locations based on special geological  features. The object of an EarthCache is to learn something about our  planet. EarthCache pages include a set of educational notes along with  coordinates. An Earhcache is placed to present a lesson on the geology  of a location. It could be how that place formed, about why that place  is important scientifically or what that site can tell us about our  planet’s geology. more information can be found at 

Letterbox Hybrid


The origin of Letterboxing can be  traced to Dartmoor, Devon, England in 1854. Letterboxing is another form  of treasure hunting that uses clues instead of coordinates. These days  some letterbox owners make their container both a letterbox and a hybrid  type of geocache and post its coordinates on  These types of geocaches will contain a stamp that is meant to remain  in the box and is used by letterboxers to record their visit. 



Wherigo is a toolset for creating  and playing GPS-enabled adventures in the real world. A Wherigo-enabled  GPS device or an app on your smartphone is required to play a Wherigo.  By integrating a Wherigo experience, called a cartridge, with finding a  geocache, the hunt can be a great adventure. Among other uses, Wherigo  allows geocachers to interact with physical and virtual elements such as  objects, sounds or characters. 

Event Cache


An Event Cache is a social  gathering of local geocachers or geocaching organizations. The Event  Cache page specifies a time for the event and provides coordinates to  its location. Events can be pub meal, quiz nights, introduce new players  to geocaching or small meet to sit around and have a chat with like  minded folk. 

Cache In Trash Out (CITO)


Cache In Trash Out is the  environmental initiative supported by the geocaching community. The main  aim of this program is to clean up natural areas that we enjoy while  geocaching. These events are gatherings of geocachers that can focus on  litter clean-up, removal of invasive species, planting trees and  vegetation or trail building. Often CITO organisers are able to get  local council support for the clean up. 

MEGA Event


A Mega event is just like Event  Caches, but they are attended by 500+ people. Many of these larger  events offer geocachers a day (or days) of planned activities. There are  often several days of additional activities surrounding a Mega-Event.  These large events attract geocachers from all over the world and can be  held annually.  The UK has an annual roaming MEGA, with 2019 planned  for Aberdeenshire. 2019 also see's the Piratemania & Geocoinfest in the UK. Show these events your support and log a 'Will Attend'. 



A Virtual Cache is about  discovering a location rather than a container. This geocache type that  is no longer available for creation, but can still be found. The  requirements for logging a Virtual Cache can vary. You may be required  to email an answer a question about the location, take a picture or  complete a task. You must visit the coordinates before you can post your  log. Scotland still has 28 virtual caches with the most favourited in South Ayrshire



A geocache type that is no longer  available for creation, but can still be found, webcam geocaches use  existing web cameras. The idea is to get yourself in front of the camera  and save a screen capture from the website where the camera is  displayed in order to log a find. Sadly only two remain in Scotland, one  in Edinburgh and the other in the Cairngorms National Park

Lab Cache


Lab Caches are an experimental cache type. They are often  at Mega-Events. To find out if you might be near a fun Lab Cache experience download the free app.

In contrast to other cache types, Lab Caches are not required to have  a container and can also be located indoors. This allows Lab Cache  owners to innovate and test new ideas to make geocaching even more fun.

Lab Caches count towards your statistics and find count on and are played on the free Adventure Lab app.